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A Labor of Love: Analyzing Manual Spot-Checking as Applied UDL

Poster 1

5/21/24, 9:30 PM

Manual spot-checking should be part of your UDL toolkit. Best-in-class tools still left 42 inaccessible items in our course. Spot-check efficiently with an Agile framework.

Maria Kunath

Duke University


Universal Design,
Course Design

 Though AI tools expand the reach of UDL, the continued need for manual spotchecking highlights UDL’s ethic of hospitality.

After scanning all course PDFs for OCR compatibility in Adobe Acrobat, we checked our site with the accessibility tools UDOIT and the built-in Canvas accessibility checker. Our partner’s ADA compliance officer still caught 42 inaccessible items. Despite revolutionary AI tools, the laborious task of manual spot-checking remained central to creating an equitable learning experience.

I will examine how our experience illuminates UDL’s ethic of hospitality. I will analyze spot-checking through an Agile lens, hoping to create an efficient, replicable spot-checking process.

Hear it from the author:

A Labor of Love: Analyzing Manual Spot-Checking as Applied UDL


Gotta catch ‘em all! Accessibility tools claim to be a Pokemon Go type solution for all your accessibility needs.

But reality’s a little different.

After using multiple accessibility checkers, my team still found 42 problems in our course. As humans designing materials for humans, we learned the importance of manually QA’ing courses for accessibility issues , so that everyone can learn.

Retrieved from Draper, A. R. (2022). Music Education for Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder in a Full-Inclusion Context. Journal of Research in Music Education, 70(2), 132-155. 

Iniesto, F., Covadonga, R., and Garron, H. (2023). A Case Study to Explore a UDL Evaluation Framework Based on MOOCs. Applied Sciences 13(1), 476.

Doherty, I. (2010). Agile Project Management for E-learning Developments. International Journal of E-Learning & Distance Education Revue Internationale Du E-Learning Et La Formation à Distance, 24(1), 91–106.

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